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Иностранные языки и языкознание

  • Sport in a pub

    There are many public houses in London and elsewhere, where beer, wine and spirits may be bought and drunk at certain times of the day. These are suitable width=100% for all classes of the community and provide a place, where people may meet together and talk, and perhaps play at darts or other games, as well as drink. In the bar of every English «pub» there is a dartboard, and on most evenings the game of darts is being played. This is a traditional English game. The first record of something like the modern game appears in a.

  • Education in Russia

    In the Russian Federation the school education is compulsory. Pupils begin to go to school at the age of six. When they complete high grades they can either continue to study at school for more 2 years, or go to a professional school where they study not only main subjects , but are able to learn some profession. When school pupils leave school they can try to continue their education in institutes or universities. There are many school types of schools in Russia: specialized, polytechnic, musical art and others. Nowadays appeared some new types of schools: gymnasiums and colleges.

  • My favourite writers

    Reading is to mind what exercise is to body. The rise of television sometimes has been coupled with the dearth of books. But I don’t think books need to be rescued. A book is one of the greatest wonders of the world. It gives us a unique chance to link up with authors who lived hundreds and thousands years ago. Thanks to books we can talk to people who lived in different ages and countries. Through reading books we hear their voices, thoughts and feelings. The book is the surest way to bring nations together. It gives us an insight not only into the past, but also into the future. The book is a faithful and undemanding friend: it can be put aside and be taken again at any moment.

  • Adam Smith

    After two centuries, Adam Smith remains a towering figure in the history of economic thought. Known primarily for a single work, An Inquiry into the nature an causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776), the first comprehensive system of political economy, Smith is more properly regarded as a social philosopher whose economic writings constitute only the capstone to an overarching view of political and social evolution.

  • Computers

    When Charles Babbage, a professor of Mathematics at Cambridge university, invented the first calculating machine in 1812 he couldn’t imagine the situation we find ourselves in today. Nearly everything we do in the world is helped, or even controlled by computers, the complicated descedants of his simple machine. Computers are used more and more often in the world today, for the simple reason that they are far more efficent than human beings. They have much better memories and they can store much information.

  • Тranslation

    Translation is a mean of interlingual communication. The translator makes possible an exchange of information between users of different languages by producing in the target language a text which has an identical communicative value with the source text. This target text is not fully identical with the source text as to its form originality content due to the limitations imposed by the formal and semantic differences between the source language and target text.

  • Educational System in Great Britain

    The department of education and science is responsible for national educational policy, but it doesn’t employee teacher or prescribe curricular or text books. Each school has it’s own board of governors consisting of teachers, parents, local politicians, members of local community, businessmen and sometimes pupils. According to the law only one subject is compulsory. Such as religious instruction. Schooling for children is compulsory from 5 to 16, though some provision is made for children under 5 and some pupils remain at school after 16 to prepare for higher education. The state school system is usually divided into 2 stages (secondary.

  • Art galleries of London

    Speaking about art galleries of London we should first of all mention The national gallery, The national portrait gallery and The state gallery. I would like to tell you about National portrait gallery and about Tate gallery. The national gallery houses one of the richest and most extensive collections of painting in the world. It stands to the north of the Trafalgar Square. the gallery was designed by William Wilkins and build in 1834-37.

  • Концепт «Дружба» в английском языковом пространстве

    Образ человека реконструируется многогранно, многоаспектно и многофункционально в социологии, физиологии, психологии, лингвистике. Часто речь идёт о перцептивном, ментальном, эмотивном и волитивном «модусах», их разновидностях и взаимопроникновении. Наиболее обширен и интересен внутренний мир человека, чувственная сторона его бытия.

  • Поняття громадянського суспільства і правової держави

    Правова держава — це така держава, в якій функціонує режим конституційного правління, існує розвинута і несуперечлива правова система й ефективна судова влада, забезпечено реальний розподіл влад з їхньою ефективною взаємодією та взаємоконтролем, з розвинутим контролем з боку суспільства державної влади. Загальний демократичний устрій системи влади і політики правової держави органічно пов'язаний з його правовими засадами. В основу правової держави покладено рівність державної влади, громадянина і суспільства, їхня правова рівність перед законом.